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Section 3 / Page 60
Patterns are the basis upon which we all learn>
What you have to consider is this, if a manufacturer made a car that looked like a fridge, then you would think that it was a fridge, because it looked like one, even though it was a car. This example is used to show, that it is through the use of pattern recognition, that we all build up an internal mental pictures or models of our environment and the objects within it.
Even the most intelligent person does not know what any object is, unless they are told what it is or they are given the chance to study whatever it maybe, or they have already seen something similar to it. This example is used to show that the ability to distinguish between objects does not require any special intelligence. A computer system can also employ pattern recognition software and then use comparison techniques, to distinguish between any of the objects it maybe told to study.
So imagine in your head, you have a collection of patterns and one of those patterns represents a car. Now imagine your a human who has spent his whole live living in a jungle and you had never seen a car before, so this is a pattern that you would not recognise. Now once again, imagine your a computer system and you have a VR model of a car in your head or in this case within a database, a database you can run a comparison program on, you then compare this to other virtual models you have stored, so just like a human, the computer can compare patterns. The more patterns stored either in your head or in a database, the easier it then becomes to learn.
This is not really what I am talking about, but it does give you an indication. I can only guess (I didn't read up on it), at how the magic bucket knows it is a car that has been drawn, but imagine for a second the computerised bucket recognised the shape of the car from a list of shapes stored in its memory, now imagine it being linked to an online database containing millions or even billions of recognisable shapes / patterns and you will begin to get what it is, that I am eventually trying to get you to see, throughout this ebook.
A question to help you understand of how the human brain works: -
Whatís the difference between a squiggly line and the letter AÖand the answer is Öthe meaning we apply to it, the letter "A" is just a man made pattern.
Another example, the difference between a squiggly line and the letter "A" is.... how we perceive its meaning.
The logic behind this example is how we interpret the real world is based upon our perception and understanding of it. That may sound obvious but your perception of the real world will not be the same as anybody elseís, but to fit into society, your brainís model of the world has to conform to a certain form of standardisation. Itís this standardisation that allows us all to get along and gives us the ability to communicate.
The standardisation of patterns and their relative meanings, is not only the basis for language, it is also in effect, the basis for all communication.
No matter what language is being spoken. if somebody showed you a picture of an apple, then you would instantly know that it was an apple. But if your Spanish, then you may hear the word "La manzana" in your head, when you look at an apple, but it is only a "La manzana" to the Spanish, because all Spanish speaking people, agree that this is what an apple is called. So all that has happened, is that both peoples (English and Spanish) have agreed upon different patterns. This may all seem obvious to some, but I am trying to lay the groundwork, so as to make, a larger point.
Humans have created both a written and a verbal way to represent any or most objects, so in essence our brains have learnt to associate meanings to patterns, computers can also be taught to apply meanings to patterns, in a similar way.
Human beings either think in words or pictures, this is now something that computerís are becoming increasingly capable of doing, through the use of VR. The proposed database network should have allowed the proposed A.I. system, access to a lot of patterns, in other words all of the virtual objects and sounds contained within the database. So as the database contained more and more real world data, then in effect, the better the system could see, relatively speaking. Think in this case of the conjoined databases, acting like a large jigsaw puzzle, containing millions of bits of data, the A.I. system was eventually envisioned as being able to fit all of these pieces together, so as to see the big picture.
Going back to the jungle guy analogy, hypothetically speaking, think of him as having a view of the world, which does not include a car, it's literally not in his head, because he has never seen one. On the other hand, the proposed computer system was seen as having a car in it's head because it would be contained within it's data patterns or VR model collection.
How much is in your head?
A smart person knows how much they don't know.
As you progress through this ebook, then you should also see how all of the information contained, fits together.
If you have gotten
to this point and you don't wish to get technical, then now would be a good time
to jump to section 4.
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